Hello readers! Nobody likes to search for home remedies of diarrhoea when you suffer up with diarrhoea, but we all get it sometimes! Whether you make your mouth water for the grilled kebabs, cheesy hotdogs or wolfed down burgers and started on the pizza! You would realize that it’s definitely unhealthy but who cares right? Your gut cares! The next morning you will feel the rumble in your tum and makes you feel glum.
The nasty alarm bells running on the stomach, intestinal gurgling sounds, the tightening of sphincters makes you run through a hell of course and ended up with loose watery diarrhoea!
In the middle of your business, you would definitely wonder is your gut clearing the infection? Or do you really need medications to stop it now? Or can we check out for simple home remedies of diarrhoea ?
Before to the end of your read, you would definitely understand
- Define Diarrhoea?
- What Is The Pathophysiology Of Diarrhoea?
- Symptoms Of Diarrhoea
- What Are The Types Of Diarrhoea?
- What Are The Causes Of Diarrhoea?
- Foods You Must Not Have When You’ve Diarrhoea
- What Are The Home Remedies Of Diarrhoea?
1.What Is Diarrhoea?
Diarrhoea also spelled as diarrhea is defined by the World Health Organization as the condition of having at least 3 episodes of loose watery stools or bowel movements within 24 hours.
2. What Is The Pathophysiology Of Diarrhoea?
To be crystal clear, diarrhoea is caused to the reduced water absorption or increased water secretion in the gut.
This is a condition that affects the large intestine. The large intestine also known as the colon Includes the above-labelled parts.
Normal Physiology Of Bowel Movement
The muscular wall of the colon acts in a rhythmic fashion called peristalsis. As your intestine contracts, it absorbs water and nutrients from the partially digested food. Peristalsis movements throughout the colon make the stools stores in the rectum and finally expelled out of the anal canal.
Abnormal Physiology Of Bowel Movement
When the muscular contraction of the intestines is abnormal, the food moves very quickly through the large intestine without enough absorption of water. This results in loose watery stools and therefore called to be diarrhoea.
3. Symptoms Of Diarrhoea
- Abdominal pain
- Urgency to go to the toilet
- Abdominal cramps
- Frequent passing of stools
In severe cases,
- Bloody passage of stools
- Painful passage of stools
- Repeated vomiting
- Reduced or absent urination
Note: If you experience any of these serious symptoms, please consult the doctor immediately.
4. What Are The Types Of Diarrhoea?
Acute or short term Diarrhoea
This condition is defined as the abrupt onset of 3 or more loose, watery stools that lasts three to five days.
- Bacterial infections eg.salmonella
- Viral infections eg. Norovirus, rotavirus
- Parasitic infections like giardia
- Traveller’s diarrhoea
Chronic diarrhoea persists for two to three weeks. It’s usually the symptom of a disease or disorder such as celiac disease or Crohn’s disease.
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Inflammatory bowel disease like Crohn’s, ulcerative colitis.
5. What Are Some Other Causes Of Diarrhoea?
Stress and nervousness can cause diarrhoea. It can stimulate the bowels to move faster. This leaves less time for water to get reabsorbed into the body which leads to less watery stools.
In some cases, diarrhoea can be linked to women’s menstrual cycle. Sources have mentioned that it is due to the increase of prostaglandin hormones. Prostaglandins cause contractions in the uterus to shed the lining. Sometimes, it also causes contractions in the intestines which cause GI symptoms including diarrhoea.
Loose bowel movements can happen just after a run. The exact cause is unknown but it is believed that the action of running stimulates the bowel activity or make food move quickly through the bowel.
How To Prevent Runner’s Diarrhoea?
The most important thing to check is your pre-run food habits. Certain foods can trigger diarrhoea and nausea.
Try to avoid anything and choose a healthy morning whole-wheat toast or a banana. Energy drinks can act as a fuel to your run but artificial sweeteners and preservatives can trigger diarrhoea.
6. Foods To Avoid During Diarrhoea
Avoid Citrus Fruits
Citrus fruits can cause loosening of the stools and worsen diarrhoea. the fibre content in the fruits Cause water to stay in the intestine and not absorbed by the body and cause looser stools.
Avoid Milk And Other Dairy Products
Lactase is an enzyme in the small intestine that breaks down sugar ( lactose ) present in milk and other dairy products. When you are already sick, your body feels hard to breakdown the sugar and it may worsen the diarrhoea.
Fried Fatty Foods
When you are sick, fatty foods are not absorbed normally. They go into the colon and are broken down to fatty acids which cause the colon to secrete fluid and trigger diarrhoea.
Caffeine present in tea, coffee, soda speed up the digestive system.
Spicy foods mask high-fat content which causes a burning sensation during defecation.
Other Foods to Avoid In The List
- Legumes like chickpeas
7. Home Remedies Of Diarrhoea
1. Drink Electrolyte Beverages
There’s a very important reason why all the doctors prescribe you to oral rehydration solution when you suffer from diarrhoea!
Diarrhoea can be extremely dangerous when you have dehydration and left untreated. You need to replace the lost amount of fluids and minerals which comes in a pack called ORS.
How To Make ORS At Home?
- Wash your hands with soap and water before preparing the solution.
- Pour one litre of safe water into a clean container.
- Firstly, add 3.5 grams of salt ( half a small spoon) into the container.
- Secondly, add 40 grams of sugar ( 4 big spoons).
- Stir well until they get dissolved.
- Give the patient frequent sips whenever she/ he is thirsty.
- Use the solution for 24 hours.
- If the patient doesn’t get improved, contact the doctor for further treatment.
Note: For Infants and Children’s ORS Formula
- 6 level TEASPOONS of sugar
- Half level TEASPOON of salt
- One litre of clean drinking water( boiled and cooled)
- Children under 2 years are given 50-100 ml( quarter to half a cup)
- Children more than 2 years are given 100-200 ml.
- Give them in spoon, feeder or syringe to squirt the solution for every 5-10 minutes.
Besides, Coconut water is one of the excellent home remedies of diarrhoea! It is a natural source of electrolytes containing potassium, sodium and manganese.
2. BRAT Diet Is The Winner!
The BRAT diet is recommended worldwide when facing diarrhoea. Bananas, rice, applesauce and toast are the four components of BRAT. They are low in fibre and easily digestible by the stomach.
3. Potatoes Treat Diarrhoea
Potatoes without skin help your bowel functioning until it gets backs to the normal state. Mashed potatoes are bland foods which won’t upset your stomach. Additionally, they are rich in potassium which loses in high amounts during bouts of diarrhoea.
4. Ginger Does Magic
A 2007 animal study found that ginger is effective against e.coli, a very common organism responsible to cause diarrhoea. Thereby, it prevents the accumulation of fluids in the intestines and prevents diarrhoea.
Bananas are rich sources of potassium which helps in maintaining lost electrolyte balance in the body. Green bananas contain pectin that helps to absorb excess water in the intestine. This firms the stools and prevents diarrhoea.
6. Icecubes for diarrhoea!
Sounds absurd right? When you are suffering from diarrhoea, it’s important to maintain your fluid levels. Since your body fluids and electrolytes are lost, it’s important to replenish them. Drinking and loading your stomach with water all the time may make you uncomfortable and cause discomfort.
Sucking ice chips is a great idea to prevent dehydration. Fluid flows through the mouth to stomach slowly and also prevents nausea.
Eggs are protein-rich and also contain nutrients like vitamin B and selenium. Make sure you don’t cool them in oil, butter or ghee if you are suffering from GI issue. And it’s not recommended when you have an egg intolerance.
This method doesn’t apply to people who have lactose intolerance. Buttermilk is a good source of probiotics which contains good bacteria and they can eradicate bad bacteria from the intestine. It soothes intestines and aids digestion. Read on a surprising rice variety which had even treated cholera those days!
Take note of these tips on home remedies of diarrhoea which works, and what foods you should definitely avoid when you are sick. Don’t forget that you should always rehydrate yourself with water and ORS, BRAT diet are way more better! Get millets at best prices which improves your digestive health.